During the 1918-19 influenza epidemic, Stockton, California, adopted a mask ordinance three times, totalling more than seventy days. In late December 1918, Dr. Minerva Goodman, the recently appointed city health officer, lost a debate about ending the second mask ordinance to those advocating a return to normal activities. Just weeks later, as cases rose again,… Read more →
Ariel Ludwig recently received her doctoral degree in Virginia Tech’s Science and Technology in Society (STS) department. Prior to this, she completed her Masters of Public Health at Yale University. Her research primarily focuses on the intersection of the criminal justice system and public health. Her work has been published in the American Journal of Public Health, qualitative methods journals (forthcoming), and a number of substance use focused journals (additional articles forthcoming).